Education Curriculum in South Africa
In South Africa, education is compulsory from six to fifteen. Most children attend a pre-school facility or kindergarten during the grade 0 years. From there, they are required to attend school in grades one to seven. They may also enrol in grade 0 classes in some primary schools. South Africa also has a strong tertiary sector, with over one million university students. Higher education is administered by the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) with which online essay writing service can help you.
Outcomes Based Education (OBE) system of education
Outcomes Based Education (OBE) is a controversial system in South Africa. It aims to provide lifelong learning opportunities to all learners. It should address issues such as equity, participation, and development. It is also known as learner-centred design, based on the belief that people can learn in all situations.
Outcomes-based education is based on the learner’s needs and virtually guarantees a quality education to every learner. However, the term means different things to different people. The core of an outcomes-based education system is a curriculum built around the intended learning outcomes. The learning outcomes are then achieved through a range of different strategies.
There are many challenges associated with this approach, however. Firstly, it requires radical reforms to the curriculum and assessment systems. Evidence from other countries shows that OBE has not been successful in many countries, partly because the criteria used in the assessment were ineffective and not fully attainable. Another significant concern with OBE is that the criteria used for assessment were too rigid and did not adequately measure progress in the learners.
Two-world school system
The Two-world school system in South Africa is not just about racial and economic differences. Poor sanitation and lack of water supplies threaten the health and dignity of students. For example, in the Eastern Cape, schools do not have enough toilets for the number of students and lack an adequate water supply. The sanitation infrastructure is also not up to date and is prone to breakage and vandalism.
The South African education system is structured into three levels: primary, secondary, and post-secondary. The National Department of Education previously had control of all levels of education but later split into two departments. The first oversees elementary and secondary education, while the second oversees post-secondary education.
The failure of mathematics education in South Africa is not just the result of poor teaching. The national testing results do not show a large gap at lower grade levels, but the country is underperforming nationally. The country has introduced a compulsory mathematics subject called mathematical literacy to ensure that all citizens have at least a basic level of mathematical literacy. However, the absence of trained teachers taught it to grade 10 students who were already underperforming in the subject.
Corruption in the government
Corruption has been a persistent problem in South Africa. The country has an unemployment rate of over 35%, and nearly 55 per cent of its citizens live in abject poverty, with 25 per cent receiving government social grants. This puts a strain on the country’s economy and deters foreign investment. Corruption in the country’s government has been a severe issue, and recent revelations cast doubt on the current government’s ability to lead.
Corruption has also impacted the education system. School budgets aren’t enough to fund education, and there have been multiple reports of school corruption. There are alleged cases of embezzlement, mismanagement, and irregularities in procurement. For example, one investigation at one school found that 503 cheques were issued, some worth more than R1.5 million, and some of these funds never ended up in the school’s bank account. Another investigation found that the principal of another school allegedly waived school fees for some of her pupils.
Among the problems affecting the education sector are poor sanitation and infrastructure. This has a detrimental impact on the health of the learners. There are no toilets in some schools and inadequate water supply. Poor sanitation and inadequate transport are significant obstacles to quality education.
Native knowledge systems as a means to emancipate learners
Integrating indigenous knowledge systems into South African education curricula presents a unique challenge. The colonial era ended with teaching traditional values, but the broader South African society is moving into the information age. The African culture reflects social modes, moral values, and religious beliefs. It is also manifested in stories, riddles, and art.
The decolonization debate continues in the education sector. Government agencies develop the curriculum for teachers, and tutors are expected to adhere to it. Nonetheless, a teacher can incorporate decolonization-based thinking into their curriculum.
Adding native knowledge systems to the education curriculum is crucial to responding to community needs and concerns. As Mpofu suggests, this is a way to unite people and work towards home-grown curriculums. By involving the community in education, communities can help address many of society’s pressing questions.
In South Africa, the decolonization debate continues despite the country’s political emancipation in 1994. Even though political emancipation was largely successful in removing colonial education, the impacts of colonial education on the Black majority remain profound. As a result, the country’s educational system is still far from being free from the effects of colonial education. Pretoria News reported recently that “the fight against colonial higher education has only begun.”
In South Africa, education is compulsory from six to fifteen. Most children attend a pre-school facility or kindergarten during the grade 0 years. From there, they are required to attend school in grades one to seven. They may also enrol in grade 0 classes in some primary schools. South Africa also has a strong tertiary…